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PART V. Canis familiaris / Enduring Youth






Arrrgghhh... the lower figure on page 183 contains a confusing error. The adult stage of development should look like a halfbeak, not like a needlefish.


Chapter 2


If you have begun to suspect that there are cases in which this ranking procedure based on comparisons with an ideal does not actually work to give ‘lower’ species an older common ancestor, you are right. In each of our examples, the groups of species exhibited a nice, nested structure: dogs evolved from (or, one could say, within) mammals; mammals evolved from (or within) reptiles. The holothurians, echinoderms, and deuterostomes show the same nested arrangement. But if the groups being compared are not contiguous in the tree of life, then groups that are lower—farther from the ideal—will not necessarily have older ancestors. Agassiz, careful empiricist that he was, realized that when he tried to compare distant lineages, the parallel between his ideal hierarchy and the fossil record began to break down. Recapitulation, he suggested, could be seen only within certain major lineages, and not between them.


Chapter 5


Figures are based on Lovejoy (2004).




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